27 March 2017

4 Cara Download Semua File dari Direktori Website atau FTP

4 Cara Download Semua File dari Direktori Website atau FTP - Ada kalanya Anda akan berakhir pada halaman web yang terlihat seperti folder dan Anda hanya dapat menemukan file yang tercantum. Hal ini karena file indeks direktori webserver (index.html, default.asp dan dll) tidak hadir pada folder dan pilihan daftar direktori di webserver dihidupkan. Salah satu alasan untuk menawarkan daftar direktori adalah untuk menyediakan cara yang nyaman bagi pengunjung untuk dengan cepat menelusuri file dalam folder dan memungkinkan mereka untuk dengan mudah men-download file ke komputer mereka. Kadang-kadang daftar direktori yang disengaja karena webmaster ceroboh yang lupa untuk menyertakan htaccess atau kosong file indeks untuk mencegah semua file dari yang tercantum.

4 Cara Download Semua File dari Direktori Website atau FTP_

Untuk men-download file, Anda bisa klik di atasnya atau klik kanan dan pilih "Save link as" di Firefox / Chrome atau "Save target as" di Internet Explorer. Namun, jika Anda perlu untuk men-download beberapa atau bahkan semua file dari direktori termasuk subfolder otomatis, Anda akan membutuhkan alat pihak ketiga untuk membantu Anda mencapai itu. Berikut adalah 4 metode yang berbeda yang dapat Anda gunakan Download semua file dari folder pada sebuah situs web.

1. Download Manager

Jika Anda seorang downloader sering, Anda mungkin sudah memiliki program download manager diinstal. Hal ini dapat add-on seperti populer FlashGot dan DownThemAll! untuk Firefox atau perangkat lunak independen seperti Internet Download Manager (IDM) dan Free Download Manager (FDM). Untuk men-download semua file di direktori web dengan ekstensi download manager Firefox, klik kanan di ruang kosong pada halaman, dan pilih DownThemAll! atau FlashGot Semua dari menu konteks.


Download manager kemudian akan menampilkan semua file yang berhasil menemukan dan memungkinkan Anda memilih orang-orang yang ingin Anda download ke komputer Anda.


Apakah perhatikan bahwa FlashGot dan DownThemAll! hanya dapat men-download semua file pada direktori tetapi tidak dapat men-download folder rekursif. Adapun Internet Download Manager, pilih "Download semua link dengan IDM" dari menu konteks klik kanan, periksa file yang ingin Anda download dari daftar dan klik OK.

2. Wget

Wget adalah file downloader gratis dan sangat kuat yang datang dengan banyak fitur yang berguna termasuk dukungan melanjutkan, rekursif download, FTP / HTTPS dukungan, dan lain-lain "The Social Network" film, Mark Zuckerberg terlihat menggunakan alat wget untuk mendownload semua foto mahasiswa dari universitas untuk menciptakan Facemash. Wget adalah alat baris perintah yang dapat sedikit sulit untuk menggunakan untuk beberapa pengguna dasar.


Untungnya ada bebas front-end GUI untuk Wget seperti VisualWget yang membuatnya jauh lebih mudah untuk menggunakan Wget hanya dengan mengklik kotak centang bukan manual mengetik argumen baris perintah. Ambil VisualWget, ekstrak dan jalankan VisualWget.exe. Klik pada ikon New untuk membuka jendela Download New. Masukkan URL yang ingin Anda download dan pilih lokasi yang Anda ingin menyimpan file ke.


Jika Anda perlu men-download beberapa folder termasuk subfolder, pergi ke Lanjutan, klik Rekursif Retrieval dan centang pada kotak centang pertama "-recursive". Terakhir klik OK untuk mulai men-download.


Meskipun ada beberapa GUI untuk Wget, kami sarankan VisualWget karena gratis, portable, datang bersama-sama dengan Wget dan tidak perlu untuk men-download secara terpisah dan secara manual membongkar ke folder program atau bahkan mengkonfigurasi jalan.

Download VisualWget

3. Offline Browser


Browser Offline sebenarnya alat yang men-download seluruh situs untuk melihat secara offline. buah perangkat lunak mampu merangkak ke subfolder, men-download semua atau file disaring dan kemudian mengubah hyperlink hidup untuk secara offline versi menunjuk ke file HTML download yang ada di hard drive Anda. Beberapa browser secara offline populer adalah Offline Explorer dan Teleport tetapi mereka shareware yang dilengkapi dengan kemampuan parsing kuat.

HTTrack adalah alternatif gratis yang sangat baik untuk browser offline dibayar. Anda dapat men-download versi portable dari HTTrack, ekstrak dan jalankan WinHTTrack.exe. Klik Next, memberikan proyek nama dan klik Next.


Sekarang masukkan atau paste URL (s) yang ingin Anda download ke kotak Alamat Web dan klik Next. Jika URL memerlukan otentikasi, klik tombol Add URL dan Anda bisa memasukkan login dan password untuk URL. Klik Next dan Finish. HTTrack sekarang akan mulai merangkak URL yang diberikan dan download file yang ditemukan.


Download HTTrack


4. Download dari FTP


Program terbaik untuk men-download semua file dan subfolder dari server FTP jelas merupakan perangkat lunak klien FTP seperti FileZilla Client karena mereka memahami perintah FTP dan mampu merangkak rekursif ke subfolder tanpa masalah. Dalam FileZilla Client, semua yang perlu Anda lakukan adalah memasukkan alamat FTP pada kotak host, masukkan username dan password jika memerlukan otentikasi atau biarkan kosong jika tidak, dan klik tombol Quickconnect.


Setelah Anda login, cukup klik kanan pada folder di panel kanan dan pilih Download yang akan mulai men-download semua file dan folder dari direktori yang dipilih.


Harap perhatikan bahwa FTP klien hanya dapat menangani protokol FTP dan mereka tidak dapat men-download file dari halaman web HTTP.

Download FileZilla Client Portabel

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15 Game Ideas for the Psychology Classroom

15 Game Ideas for the Psychology Classroom - 1) Heads Up. “Heads up” is a mobile game that appeared on the Ellen Degeneres show and is sold by Warner Bros as a phone app. One player places their phone on their forehead and a word appears that other players can see. The others give clues until the player with the phone guesses the word correctly. This simple game can be modified for classroom use by using a mobile device delivery system (e.g. Learning Catalytics, gosoapbox, TopHat) in which the instructor can deliver psychology terms to teams of students. For a low technology alternative, psychology terms can be written on index cards, shuffled face down, and then drawn and placed against the forehead. In teams of 3 or 4, students take turns being the “guesser” and the “clue givers”. To intensify the game, ask students to time how long it takes to get through all the terms, and perhaps complete the game a second time trying to improve their response time. Or, teams can compete to see which group gets through the stack of terms first.

2) Draw it! The instructor provides teams of students with a stack of cards with key terms/course concepts. Alternatively, the instructor can use a classroom management software program and deliver the terms to students on their mobile devices. Similar to Pictionary, students see if they can get their teammates to guess the course concept correctly by drawing pictures. They may not use words or symbols in their drawing and may not talk or gesture while drawing.

15 Game Ideas for the Psychology Classroom_
image source: gizorama.com

3) Scavenger Hunt. There is something innately fun about scavenger hunts – the thrill of searching and then finding! On the first day of class when you go over the syllabus, you could finish with a game in which you divide students into teams and hand them a list of questions that can be answered by searching through the syllabus (e.g. On what day will you be taking exam #3? Where is your instructor’s office located?). When students complete the scavenger hunt they can turn in their answers to be corrected and perhaps receive a small reward such as a piece of candy. Another example would be to give students the challenge of searching for examples that illustrate lecture content. For example, you could ask students to use their mobile devices to locate an everyday example of classical conditioning. Or, you could ask students to search for famous people who have self-identified as having a psychological disorder. Students can work individually or in teams and can use their mobile devices. How many different disorders/celebrities can they or their team find in 15 minutes?

4) Daily Puzzles. Consider starting class with a “daily puzzle” of some type. One option is to provide a visual quiz item that students can work on while waiting for class to start. For example, you could show a cartoon and see if students can identify the psychological concept at work. “Psychology” cartoons can be found online on websites like www.cartoonstock.com. Another option is to start class each day with a “Dear Abby” type question that deals with the days topic and ask students to come up with a recommendation. Students will be interested to find out if their recommendation matches the one a psychologist would give based on the research in that topic area. There are also many free online template programs that enable instructors to insert content and make their own crossword puzzles (e.g. www.puzzle-maker.com/CW/)

5) Describe it! The instructor provides teams of students with a stack of cards with key terms/course concepts (e.g. theories of motivation, or parts of the brain). One student selects a card and attempts to get their team members to guess the term by giving verbal clues. The students can give any information they want, as long as they don’t use the word(s) on the card.

6) Brainstorm Blitz. For topics where you’d like students to generate examples, consider dividing students into pairs or larger teams and asking students to brainstorm and come up with as many answers as they can. For example, you might want students to generate examples of intrinsic or extrinsic awards, or names of psychoactive drugs they’ve seen in advertisements, etc. To “gamify” this activity you can either give teams a time limit to see how many they can come up with in that period of time, or give students a set number of examples they need to come up with and ask teams to ring their buzzer when they’re done.

7) TV Game Shows. Playing Jeopardy or Hollywood Squares can be an engaging way to review large amounts of material (e.g. when studying the structures of the brain, or when reviewing several chapters for an upcoming exam). Classroom games modelled after popular television game shows can be done using technology (e.g. powerpoint slides or mobile phones) or low-tech old-fashioned ways (photocopied handouts). In either case you will need to supply the questions and answers to be used, so there will be some prep time. There are a variety of templates, printable cards and options for online games: 

Jeopardy
https://jeopardylabs.com/
https://www.superteachertools.net/jeopardyx/

Hollywood Squares, Weakest Link, Smarter than a 5th Grader

http://www.ircsd.org/webpages/dyoung/game_templates.cfm

8) Solve it! Humans love a good mystery or challenge. Provide students with a scenario of some type – a case study of a person with a disorder, or an example of classical conditioning, etc. Give students rules or constraints (time limits, what resources they can use, team member they can work with, etc.) and consider using game elements for engagement. For examples, when teams have solved their mystery, send a runner to the front of the room to ring the buzzer.

9) Act it out! The instructor provides teams of students with a list of key terms/course concepts (e.g. historical figures in psychology). Like the game Charades, students try to get their team to guess the term using only non-verbal cues such as acting, mimicking, or gesturing. The “actor” must remain silent.

10) Dice and buzzers. Sometimes an ordinary exercise or activity can be energized by using game mechanics/materials such as dice or buzzers commonly found on teaching/educator supply websites. One option is to purchase giant foam dice that can be used to call on people (e.g. one die can determine the row and the second die the seat). Dice can also be rolled to determine the amount of extra credit to give to a class following an activity or game. If students are timed doing an exercise or you want to encourage participation, consider using buzzer buttons. Buzzers can be purchased in a variety of crazy sounds, and add an element of humor and fun.

11) Sculpt it! The popular board game Cranium requires players to engage in a variety of tasks including one in which they use modeling clay to sculpt an object that their teammates must correctly identify. This is called a “sculpturade”. This same activity can be modified to review or apply psychological concepts. You will need to purchase play-doh (I recommend black play-doh that can be purchased in individual containers from Walmart for .99). This game can be particularly useful when the goal is application or deeper processing. For example, you can ask students to sculpt various monocular cues for depth. In order to sculpt “linear perspective”, for example, you have to have done more than just memorize the definition, you have to understand how it creates depth in order to sculpt it for others.

12) What’s on my back? A psychological concept written on a small index card or sticky note is placed on each student’s back when they enter the classroom. Students try to find out what’s written on their back by asking their classmates questions that can only be answered with yes or no. You may or may not want to allow students to use their books or notes as aids. Certain topics, such as those that have lists of different items make good candidates for this game. For example, students can review the various psychological disorders by placing a different one on each person’s back. Once the student has guessed their disorder they remove the card from their back, but are still available to play the game with others by answering their classmate’s questions.

13) Classification Games. Most people enjoy the challenge of sorting, categorizing and classifying information. For example, you could have students sort statements or examples according to what psychology theory they belong to, the type of therapy, the class of disorder, the form of learning, etc. Another idea is to give students information on individual slips of paper and have them physically manipulate them into the correct sequence (e.g. ordering the correct steps in systematic desensitization therapy or the correct order of Erikson’s developmental stages).

14) Survival Games. There are a variety of games in which students are given a scenario involving a major catastrophe -- the world is ending, people are stranded on an island, or left on the moon, and decisions have to be made about which individuals should be kept and which should be given the boot. These survival games can be used to introduce or discuss social psychology topics such as conflict resolution, group dynamics, stereotyping, social roles, etc. The following website offers a list of free survival scenarios including lost at sea, survival on the moon, plane crash survival, nuclear holocaust, island survival, and more.

http://www.wilderdom.com/games/descriptions/SurvivalScenarios.html

15) COTS – Commercially available off the shelf games aka COTS are few and far between in psychology but they do exist. Most COTS were not developed for educational purposes, and do not warrant spending precious classroom time to play a full game. However, the games can be used in educational ways. For example, after a few minutes of playing the game, students could be asked to analyze the game for accuracy or to categorize playing cards (e.g. by therapy type, or psychological perspective).

Examples of Current Games:

PSYCHOPOLOGY: This is a monopoly type board game with a psychology theme. thepsychstore.com/thepsychstoreshop.html

THERAPY the Game: This is a 3-6 player board game invented by a psychiatrist, a journalist, and a psychologist and is intended to be used by mental health professionals and students alike.

www.therapythegame.com

PSYCHOLOGY IQ GAME: NATURE VS. NURTURE: Students roll dice, read cards, and move around a game board to see the impact of both nature and the environment on their outcomes.

http://pluralistspeaks.blogspot.com/2012/02/psychology-iq-game.html

PSYCHOLOGY TRIVIA GAME CARDS: Created for high school students, the game includes 300 questions designed to help student learn about psychology.

http://www.teachersdiscovery.com/psychology-trivia-game-cards.html

Vintage games can often be purchased at yard sales, thrift stores or on ebay and can be used to get students to think critically about changes over time in stereotyping, gender roles, approaches to therapy, etc.

Examples of Vintage Games:

BLACKS AND WHITES (1970) Psychology Today

GROUP THERAPY: IS IT REALLY A GAME? (1969) Park Plastics Co.

WHAT SHALL I BE? THE EXCITING GAME OF CAREER GIRLS (1966/1970) Selchow & Righter

WHAT SHALL I BE? THE EXCITING CAREER GAME FOR BOYS (1966/1970) Selchow & Righter

6 Mostly Good News About Coffee for Health Based on Science

6 Mostly Good News About Coffee for Health Based on Science - It’s surprising when something that was once considered questionable for your health turns out to have health benefits, usually with the proviso to use it “in moderation.” That happened with chocolate and alcohol, and now it is coffee’s turn. Study findings from 2004 and 2005 suggest coffee might actually be good for us. However, coffee hasn’t been completely exonerated.

Coffee contains antioxidants that may offer some cardiovascular protection, and research is showing that it reduces the likelihood of developing diabetes, which is itself a major heart disease risk factor. But it also increases homocysteine levels and may have negative effects on the aorta. In general, when a risk factor has been carefully studied and the results flip back and forth like this, it often means that if there is any harm or benefit, it’s pretty minor.

6 Mostly Good News About Coffee for Health Based on Science_
image source: macrohhealth.net

Here’s some of the mostly good news about coffee:

1. Blood pressure. True, a cup of coffee can temporarily kick up your blood pressure. But results from long-term studies are showing that coffee may not increase the risk for high blood pressure over time, as previously thought. It’s possible that people develop a tolerance to coffee’s hypertensive effects after a while.

Caf.  vs./ decaf.

Caffeinated Decaf
Increases blood lipids that raise risk of heart disease X
Protects against diabetes X X†
Decreases C-peptide levels* X X
Low-birthweight babies, preterm delivery X
*A substance in the blood that is an indicator of insulin resistance and risk for diabetes
† Less than caffeinated

2. Cancer. Coffee might have anti-cancer properties. Researchers found that coffee drinkers were 50% less likely to get liver cancer than nondrinkers. A few studies have found ties to lower rates of colon, breast, and rectal cancers. Several studies have shown that caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee have different health effects (see chart).

3. Cholesterol. Two substances in coffee — kahweol and cafestol — raise cholesterol levels. Paper filters capture these substances, but that doesn’t help the many people who now drink non-filtered coffee drinks, such as lattes. Researchers have also found a link between cholesterol increases and decaffeinated coffee, possibly because of the type of bean used to make certain decaffeinated coffees.

4. Diabetes. Heavy coffee drinkers may be half as likely to get diabetes as light drinkers or nondrinkers. Coffee may contain ingredients that lower blood sugar. A coffee habit may also increase your resting metabolism rate, which could help keep diabetes at bay.

5. Gallstones. Coffee drinkers are less likely to suffer symptomatic gallstone disease, possibly because coffee alters the cholesterol content of the bile produced by the liver.

6. Parkinson’s disease. Coffee seems to protect men but not women against Parkinson’s disease. One possible explanation for the sex difference may be that estrogen and caffeine need the same enzymes to be metabolized, and estrogen captures those enzymes.